Otorhinolaryngologist: what does he do and what diseases does he treat?

His specialty is primarily prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the head and neck, also performs the necessary procedures. We will also go to the laryngologist if we have problems with the sense organs: smell, taste, balance and hearing. Read with what symptoms to go to the laryngologist (otorhinolaryngologist) and what diseases he treats!

The answer to this question is given by the meaning of the words that make up the complex name of this specialty. The word “otorhinolaryngologist” comes from Greek and Means successively:

  • ear (‘otos’, ‘oros’);
  • larynx (‘laryngos’);
  • nose (‘rhinos’, ‘rynos’);
  • pharyngos.

Thus, the laryngologist deals with diseases of the ear, larynx, nose, throat, as well as the temporal bone, sinuses, mouth, esophagus, trachea, bronchi. The otorhinolaryngologist uses not only drug therapy-he also deals with surgery of the paranasal sinuses, tongue, salivary glands, jaw and reconstructive surgery, performs endoscopy of the lower respiratory tract and esophagus.

With what symptoms to go to the laryngologist (otorhinolaryngologist)?


A laryngologist (otorhinolaryngologist) will help in case of many ailments. Among them are:

  • ear-related symptoms: ear congestion, tinnitus, ear pain, hearing loss;
  • epistaxis;
  • chronic catarrh;
  • snoring;

To visit a laryngologist, you need to have a referral.

  • hoarseness;
  • common sore throat;
  • dysphagia – swallowing disorder;
  • breathing through the mouth;
  • dizziness;
  • recurrent headache;
  • balance disorders;
  • olfactory and gustatory disorders;
  • neck and head tumors.

The laryngologist is engaged in diagnosing such diseases as:

  • pharyngitis,
  • sinusitis,
  • laryngitis,
  • hearing loss
  • Sjögren syndrome,
  • Meniere’s disease,
  • otospongiosis,
  • angina pectoris,
  • overgrown tonsils,
  • otitis externa,
  • inflammation of the inner ear,
  • otitis media,
  • polyps of the nose and larynx,
  • injuries and fractures of the nose,
  • angioedema,
  • otitis media,
  • otosclerosis,
  • sleep apnoea,
  • head and neck cancers.

What is the visit and treatment with a laryngologist (otorhinolaryngologist)?

First, the laryngologist collects an interview from the patient, first of all asking about the symptoms. Then, using an endoscope or speculum, the doctor examines the patient’s nose, throat, ear, mouth. The laryngologist also performs an audiological examination of the hearing, ultrasound of the lymph nodes of the neck and salivary glands, and less often also the paranasal sinuses, larynx, mouth and nasopharynx. A common procedure performed by otorhinolaryngologists is microlaryngoscopy.

What is the visit and treatment with a laryngologist (otorhinolaryngologist)?

An otolaryngologist is a doctor who deals with diseases of the head and neck, and in particular disorders involving the nose and sinuses, throat, larynx and ears. It also diagnoses the causes of enlarged lymph nodes. Otolaryngologists not only diagnose and treat diseases, but also perform surgical procedures.

Otorhinolaryngology is the full name of the specialty that doctors complete. The specialization lasts 6 years and is classified as a specialisation in surgery. After graduation, the doctor becomes a specialist otolaryngologist head and neck surgeon. This means that it deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases involving the sinuses and nose, throat, larynx, ears, but also the salivary glands and lymph nodes on the neck. We may encounter the question: otolaryngologist-who is this?

It is connected with the fact that colloquially otolaryngologists are called laryngologists and sometimes the name with the prefix “oto” can be confusing for us. But in fact, the otolaryngologist and the laryngologist are doctors of the same specialization and dealing with the same diseases. There is also pediatric otolaryngology, in which the focus is the same diseases in children. Examination in the otolaryngology is painless, and can reveal many diseases.